Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2018, Page: 185-193
Kinetic Modelling of Atmospheric Pressure Nitrogen Plasma
Md. Ziaur Rahman, Department of Civil Engineering, Dhaka International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammed Mynuddin, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, USA
Received: Nov. 10, 2016;       Accepted: Mar. 24, 2017;       Published: Dec. 5, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20180705.13      View  14      Downloads  5
Abstract
This model describes the production and destruction mechanism of nitrogen plasma at atmospheric pressure. We have studied the mechanisms of chemical dissociation, ionization, ion conversion and recombination in nitrogen plasmas, with kinetic temperature (Tg) of the free electrons being higher than the kinetic temperature (Tg) of heavy species. Therefore, the investigation of nitrogen plasma species in a wide range of pressure from 1 Torr to 760 Torr is interesting phenomena for obtaining the equilibrium state when the nitrogen species breakdown. In order to calculate the species densities to reach thermodynamic equilibrium under various conditions, a set of chemical kinetic reactions of nitrogen under consideration have been simulated. It solves the particle balance equations for a set of interacting species. In this study 16 reactions and 4 species of Nitrogen N, N2, N+, N2+ and electron have been considered. The densities of the charged and neutral species are modeled by continuity equations which includes the relevant plasma-chemical kinetics. Nitrogen species density is guided by continuity equation where chemical processes and Arrhenius form are used to follow the change of species density over the time. To calculate the species densities over pressure, temperature and time the continuity equations of the 16 reactions for the 5 species under consideration giving their initial pressure, densities and temperatures, with the latter held constant have been solved. The variations of species densities have been investigated as a function of pressure ranging from 1 to 760 Torr. This model shows that as the pressure is increased the species densities of nitrogen plasma also increase from pressure 1 to 200 Torr and after pressure above 200 Torr the species densities become almost saturated. The change of species densities at various temperatures ranging from 2000 Kelvin to 25000 Kelvin is successfully investigated. The destruction and production rates of the nitrogen species also have been calculated within the time ranging from 0 to 19nS and it shows that the density of nitrogen plasma increases with time. In our study we have considered the gas and electron temperature as 10k Kelvin and 4eV respectively.
Keywords
Classification of Plasma, Simulation of Nitrogen Plasma, Reaction Rate and Rate Coefficient, Ionization Process, Plasma Modeling, Fluid Modeling Approach
To cite this article
Md. Ziaur Rahman, Mohammed Mynuddin, Kinetic Modelling of Atmospheric Pressure Nitrogen Plasma, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2018, pp. 185-193. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20180705.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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